ClipVolume

VTKExamples/Cxx/ImageData/ClipVolume


Description

This example shows how to use vtkClipVolume and subclasses of vtkImplicitFunction, producing a vtkUnstructuredGrid. The output consists of vtkTetra or other 3D cell types.

Question

If you have a simple question about this example contact us at VTKExamplesProject If your question is more complex and may require extended discussion, please use the VTK Discourse Forum

Code

ClipVolume.cxx

// This program draws a checkerboard and clips it with two planes.

#include <vtkActor.h>
#include <vtkCamera.h>
#include <vtkCellData.h>
#include <vtkClipVolume.h>
#include <vtkColor.h>
#include <vtkDataSetMapper.h>
#include <vtkDoubleArray.h>
#include <vtkExecutive.h>
#include <vtkImageData.h>
#include <vtkImageMapToColors.h>
#include <vtkInteractorStyleSwitch.h>
#include <vtkLookupTable.h>
#include <vtkMapper.h>
#include <vtkNamedColors.h>
#include <vtkPlanes.h>
#include <vtkPointData.h>
#include <vtkPoints.h>
#include <vtkProperty.h>
#include <vtkRenderStepsPass.h>
#include <vtkRenderWindow.h>
#include <vtkRenderWindowInteractor.h>
#include <vtkRenderer.h>
#include <vtkSmartPointer.h>

#define IMAGESIZE 64  // number of checkerboard squares on a side
#define CUBESIZE 20.0 // physical linear dimension of entire system

// Color for the checkerboard image
#define IMAGE_R 0.7
#define IMAGE_G 0.7
#define IMAGE_B 0.7
#define IMAGE_A 1.0
#define DIM 0.5 // amount to dim the dark squares by

// Offsets for clipping planes with normals in the X and Y directions
#define XOFFSET 8
#define YOFFSET 8

///////////////////

namespace {

// Make the image data. A checkerboard pattern is used for
// simplicity.
vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageData> makeImage(int n, vtkColor3d fillColor,
                                        vtkColor3d checkerColor);
} // namespace

int main(int, char*[])
{

  vtkMapper::SetResolveCoincidentTopologyToPolygonOffset();

  // Define colors
  auto colors = vtkSmartPointer<vtkNamedColors>::New();
  vtkColor3d backgroundColor = colors->GetColor3d("Wheat");
  vtkColor3d checkerColor = colors->GetColor3d("Tomato");
  vtkColor3d fillColor = colors->GetColor3d("Banana");

  auto renderer = vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderer>::New();
  renderer->SetBackground(backgroundColor.GetData());

  auto renderWindow = vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderWindow>::New();
  renderWindow->AddRenderer(renderer);
  renderWindow->SetSize(640, 480);

  auto interactor = vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderWindowInteractor>::New();
  auto style = vtkSmartPointer<vtkInteractorStyleSwitch>::New();
  interactor->SetInteractorStyle(style);
  interactor->SetRenderWindow(renderWindow);

  auto image = makeImage(IMAGESIZE, fillColor, checkerColor);

  // Clipping planes in the X and Y direction.
  auto normals = vtkSmartPointer<vtkDoubleArray>::New();
  auto clipPts = vtkSmartPointer<vtkPoints>::New();
  normals->SetNumberOfComponents(3);
  double xnorm[3] = {-1., 0., 0.};
  double ynorm[3] = {0., -1., 0.};
  double xpt[3] = {XOFFSET, 0., 0.};
  double ypt[3] = {0., YOFFSET, 0.};
  normals->InsertNextTuple(xnorm);
  normals->InsertNextTuple(ynorm);
  clipPts->InsertNextPoint(xpt);
  clipPts->InsertNextPoint(ypt);
  auto clipPlanes = vtkSmartPointer<vtkPlanes>::New();
  clipPlanes->SetNormals(normals);
  clipPlanes->SetPoints(clipPts);

  auto clipper = vtkSmartPointer<vtkClipVolume>::New();
  clipper->SetClipFunction(clipPlanes);
  clipper->SetInputData(image);

  auto imageMapper = vtkSmartPointer<vtkDataSetMapper>::New();
  auto imageActor = vtkSmartPointer<vtkActor>::New();
  imageActor->SetMapper(imageMapper);
  renderer->AddViewProp(imageActor);
  imageMapper->SetInputConnection(clipper->GetOutputPort());

  renderer->ResetCamera();
  renderer->GetActiveCamera()->Azimuth(120);
  renderer->GetActiveCamera()->Elevation(30);
  renderer->ResetCameraClippingRange();
  renderWindow->Render();

  interactor->Start();
  return 0;
}

namespace {
// Make the image data. A checkerboard pattern is used for
// simplicity.
vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageData> makeImage(int n, vtkColor3d fillColor,
                                        vtkColor3d checkerColor)
{
  auto image0 = vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageData>::New();
  image0->SetDimensions(n, n, n);
  image0->AllocateScalars(VTK_UNSIGNED_CHAR, 1);
  image0->SetSpacing(CUBESIZE / n, CUBESIZE / n, CUBESIZE / n);
  int checkerSize = n / 8;
  for (int z = 0; z < n; z++)
  {
    for (int y = 0; y < n; y++)
    {
      for (int x = 0; x < n; x++)
      {
        unsigned char* ptr = (unsigned char*)image0->GetScalarPointer(x, y, z);
        *ptr = (x / checkerSize + y / checkerSize + z / checkerSize) %
            2; // checkerboard
      }
    }
  }

  auto lut = vtkSmartPointer<vtkLookupTable>::New();
  lut->SetNumberOfTableValues(2);
  lut->SetTableRange(0, 1);
  lut->SetTableValue(0, fillColor.GetRed(), fillColor.GetGreen(),
                     fillColor.GetBlue(), 1.0);
  lut->SetTableValue(1, checkerColor.GetRed(), checkerColor.GetGreen(),
                     checkerColor.GetBlue(), 1.0);

  auto map = vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageMapToColors>::New();
  map->SetLookupTable(lut);
  map->SetOutputFormatToRGBA();
  map->SetInputData(image0);
  map->GetExecutive()->Update();

  return  map->GetOutput();
}
} // namespace

CMakeLists.txt

cmake_minimum_required(VERSION 3.3 FATAL_ERROR)

project(ClipVolume)

find_package(VTK COMPONENTS 
  vtkCommonColor
  vtkCommonCore
  vtkCommonDataModel
  vtkCommonExecutionModel
  vtkFiltersGeneral
  vtkImagingCore
  vtkInteractionStyle
  vtkRenderingContextOpenGL2
  vtkRenderingCore
  vtkRenderingFreeType
  vtkRenderingGL2PSOpenGL2
  vtkRenderingOpenGL2 QUIET)
if (NOT VTK_FOUND)
  message("Skipping ClipVolume: ${VTK_NOT_FOUND_MESSAGE}")
  return ()
endif()
message (STATUS "VTK_VERSION: ${VTK_VERSION}")
if (VTK_VERSION VERSION_LESS "8.90.0")
  # old system
  include(${VTK_USE_FILE})
  add_executable(ClipVolume MACOSX_BUNDLE ClipVolume.cxx )
  target_link_libraries(ClipVolume PRIVATE ${VTK_LIBRARIES})
else ()
  # include all components
  add_executable(ClipVolume MACOSX_BUNDLE ClipVolume.cxx )
  target_link_libraries(ClipVolume PRIVATE ${VTK_LIBRARIES})
  # vtk_module_autoinit is needed
  vtk_module_autoinit(
    TARGETS ClipVolume
    MODULES ${VTK_LIBRARIES}
    )
endif () 

Download and Build ClipVolume

Click here to download ClipVolume and its CMakeLists.txt file. Once the tarball ClipVolume.tar has been downloaded and extracted,

cd ClipVolume/build 

If VTK is installed:

cmake ..

If VTK is not installed but compiled on your system, you will need to specify the path to your VTK build:

cmake -DVTK_DIR:PATH=/home/me/vtk_build ..

Build the project:

make

and run it:

./ClipVolume

WINDOWS USERS

Be sure to add the VTK bin directory to your path. This will resolve the VTK dll's at run time.