HybridMedianComparison

VTKExamples/Cxx/ImageProcessing/HybridMedianComparison


Description

Comparison of median and hybrid-median filters. The hybrid filter preserves corners and thin lines, better than the median filter. The lower patterns represent the three neighborhoods used to compute the hybrid median.

Other Languages

See (Python)

Question

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Code

HybridMedianComparison.cxx

#include <vtkCamera.h>
#include <vtkDataArray.h>
#include <vtkImageActor.h>
#include <vtkImageCast.h>
#include <vtkImageData.h>
#include <vtkImageHybridMedian2D.h>
#include <vtkImageMapper3D.h>
#include <vtkImageMathematics.h>
#include <vtkImageMedian3D.h>
#include <vtkImageNoiseSource.h>
#include <vtkImageProperty.h>
#include <vtkImageReader2.h>
#include <vtkImageReader2Factory.h>
#include <vtkImageThreshold.h>
#include <vtkInteractorStyleImage.h>
#include <vtkPointData.h>
#include <vtkRenderer.h>
#include <vtkRenderWindow.h>
#include <vtkRenderWindowInteractor.h>
#include <vtkSmartPointer.h>

#include <vector>

namespace
{
void AddShotNoise(vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageData> &inputImage,
                  vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageData> &outputImage,
                  double amplitude,
                  double noiseFraction,
                  int extent[6]);
}
int main (int argc, char *argv[])
{
  // Verify input arguments
  if ( argc != 2 )
  {
    std::cout << "Usage: " << argv[0]
              << " Filename" << std::endl;
    return EXIT_FAILURE;
  }

  // Read the image
  vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageReader2Factory> readerFactory =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageReader2Factory>::New();
  vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageReader2> reader;
  reader.TakeReference(
    readerFactory->CreateImageReader2(argv[1]));
  reader->SetFileName(argv[1]);
  reader->Update();

  int scalarRange[2];
  scalarRange[0] =
    reader->GetOutput()->GetPointData()->GetScalars()->GetRange()[0];
  scalarRange[1] =
    reader->GetOutput()->GetPointData()->GetScalars()->GetRange()[1];
  std::cout << "Range: "
            << scalarRange[0] << ", " << scalarRange[1]
            << std::endl;
  int middleSlice = (reader->GetOutput()->GetExtent()[5] -
                     reader->GetOutput()->GetExtent()[4]) / 2;

  // Work with double images
  vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageCast> cast =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageCast>::New();
  cast->SetInputConnection(reader->GetOutputPort());
  cast->SetOutputScalarTypeToDouble();
  cast->Update();

  vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageData> originalData =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageData>::New();
  originalData->DeepCopy(cast->GetOutput());

  vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageData> noisyData =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageData>::New();

  AddShotNoise(originalData, noisyData,
               2000.0, .1, reader->GetOutput()->GetExtent());
  vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageMedian3D> median =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageMedian3D>::New();
  median->SetInputData(noisyData);
  median->SetKernelSize(5, 5, 1);

  vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageHybridMedian2D> hybridMedian1 =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageHybridMedian2D>::New();
  hybridMedian1->SetInputData(noisyData);
  vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageHybridMedian2D> hybridMedian =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageHybridMedian2D>::New();
  hybridMedian->SetInputConnection(hybridMedian1->GetOutputPort());

  int colorWindow = (scalarRange[1] - scalarRange[0]);
  int colorLevel = colorWindow / 2;
  vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageActor> originalActor =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageActor>::New();
  originalActor->GetMapper()->SetInputData(originalData);
  originalActor->GetProperty()->SetColorWindow(colorWindow);
  originalActor->GetProperty()->SetColorLevel(colorLevel);
  originalActor->GetProperty()->SetInterpolationTypeToNearest();
  originalActor->SetDisplayExtent(
    reader->GetDataExtent()[0], reader->GetDataExtent()[1],
    reader->GetDataExtent()[2], reader->GetDataExtent()[3],
    middleSlice, middleSlice);

  vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageActor> noisyActor =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageActor>::New();
  noisyActor->GetMapper()->SetInputData(noisyData);
  noisyActor->GetProperty()->SetColorWindow(colorWindow);
  noisyActor->GetProperty()->SetColorLevel(colorLevel);
  noisyActor->GetProperty()->SetInterpolationTypeToNearest();
  noisyActor->SetDisplayExtent(originalActor->GetDisplayExtent());

  vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageActor> hybridMedianActor =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageActor>::New();
  hybridMedianActor->GetMapper()->SetInputConnection(hybridMedian->GetOutputPort());
  hybridMedianActor->GetProperty()->SetColorWindow(colorWindow);
  hybridMedianActor->GetProperty()->SetColorLevel(colorLevel);
  hybridMedianActor->GetProperty()->SetInterpolationTypeToNearest();
  hybridMedianActor->SetDisplayExtent(originalActor->GetDisplayExtent());

  vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageActor> medianActor =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageActor>::New();
  medianActor->GetMapper()->SetInputConnection(median->GetOutputPort());
  medianActor->GetProperty()->SetColorWindow(colorWindow);
  medianActor->GetProperty()->SetColorLevel(colorLevel);
  medianActor->GetProperty()->SetInterpolationTypeToNearest();
  medianActor->SetDisplayExtent(originalActor->GetDisplayExtent());

  // Setup renderers
  vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderer> originalRenderer =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderer>::New();
  originalRenderer->AddActor(originalActor);
  vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderer> noisyRenderer =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderer>::New();
  noisyRenderer->AddActor(noisyActor);
  vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderer> hybridRenderer =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderer>::New();
  hybridRenderer->AddActor(hybridMedianActor);
  vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderer> medianRenderer =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderer>::New();
  medianRenderer->AddActor(medianActor);

  std::vector<vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderer> > renderers;
  renderers.push_back(originalRenderer);
  renderers.push_back(noisyRenderer);
  renderers.push_back(hybridRenderer);
  renderers.push_back(medianRenderer);

  // Setup viewports for the renderers
  int rendererSize = 400;
  unsigned int xGridDimensions = 2;
  unsigned int yGridDimensions = 2;

  vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderWindow> renderWindow =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderWindow>::New();
  renderWindow->SetSize(
    rendererSize * xGridDimensions, rendererSize * yGridDimensions);
  for (int row = 0; row < static_cast<int>(yGridDimensions); row++)
  {
    for (int col = 0; col < static_cast<int>(xGridDimensions); col++)
    {
      int index = row * xGridDimensions + col;
      // (xmin, ymin, xmax, ymax)
       double viewport[4] = {
         static_cast<double>(col) / xGridDimensions,
         static_cast<double>(yGridDimensions - (row + 1)) / yGridDimensions,
         static_cast<double>(col + 1) / xGridDimensions,
         static_cast<double>(yGridDimensions - row) / yGridDimensions};
      renderers[index]->SetViewport(viewport);
      renderWindow->AddRenderer(renderers[index]);
    }
  }

  vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderWindowInteractor> renderWindowInteractor =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderWindowInteractor>::New();
  vtkSmartPointer<vtkInteractorStyleImage> style =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkInteractorStyleImage>::New();

  renderWindowInteractor->SetInteractorStyle(style);
  renderWindowInteractor->SetRenderWindow(renderWindow);

  // Renderers share one camera
  renderWindow->Render();
  renderers[0]->GetActiveCamera()->Dolly(1.5);
  renderers[0]->ResetCameraClippingRange();

  for (size_t r = 1; r < renderers.size(); ++r)
  {
    renderers[r]->SetActiveCamera(renderers[0]->GetActiveCamera());
  }
  renderWindowInteractor->Initialize();
  renderWindowInteractor->Start();


  return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}
namespace
{
void AddShotNoise(vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageData> &inputImage,
                  vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageData> &outputImage,
                  double noiseAmplitude,
                  double noiseFraction,
                  int extent[6])
{
  vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageNoiseSource> shotNoiseSource =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageNoiseSource>::New();
  shotNoiseSource->SetWholeExtent(extent);
  shotNoiseSource->SetMinimum(0.0);
  shotNoiseSource->SetMaximum(1.0);

  vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageThreshold> shotNoiseThresh1 =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageThreshold>::New();
  shotNoiseThresh1->SetInputConnection(shotNoiseSource->GetOutputPort());
  shotNoiseThresh1->ThresholdByLower(1.0 - noiseFraction);
  shotNoiseThresh1->SetInValue(0);
  shotNoiseThresh1->SetOutValue(noiseAmplitude);

  vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageThreshold> shotNoiseThresh2 =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageThreshold>::New();
  shotNoiseThresh2->SetInputConnection(shotNoiseSource->GetOutputPort());
  shotNoiseThresh2->ThresholdByLower(noiseFraction);
  shotNoiseThresh2->SetInValue(1.0 - noiseAmplitude);
  shotNoiseThresh2->SetOutValue(0.0);

  vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageMathematics> shotNoise =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageMathematics>::New();
  shotNoise->SetInputConnection(0, shotNoiseThresh1->GetOutputPort());
  shotNoise->SetInputConnection(1, shotNoiseThresh2->GetOutputPort());
  shotNoise->SetOperationToAdd();

  vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageMathematics> add =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageMathematics>::New();
  add->SetInputData(0, inputImage);
  add->SetInputConnection(1, shotNoise->GetOutputPort());
  add->SetOperationToAdd();
  add->Update();
  outputImage->DeepCopy(add->GetOutput());
}
}

CMakeLists.txt

cmake_minimum_required(VERSION 3.3 FATAL_ERROR)

project(HybridMedianComparison)

find_package(VTK COMPONENTS 
  vtkCommonCore
  vtkCommonDataModel
  vtkIOImage
  vtkImagingCore
  vtkImagingGeneral
  vtkImagingMath
  vtkImagingSources
  vtkInteractionStyle
  vtkRenderingContextOpenGL2
  vtkRenderingCore
  vtkRenderingFreeType
  vtkRenderingGL2PSOpenGL2
  vtkRenderingOpenGL2 QUIET)
if (NOT VTK_FOUND)
  message("Skipping HybridMedianComparison: ${VTK_NOT_FOUND_MESSAGE}")
  return ()
endif()
message (STATUS "VTK_VERSION: ${VTK_VERSION}")
if (VTK_VERSION VERSION_LESS "8.90.0")
  # old system
  include(${VTK_USE_FILE})
  add_executable(HybridMedianComparison MACOSX_BUNDLE HybridMedianComparison.cxx )
  target_link_libraries(HybridMedianComparison PRIVATE ${VTK_LIBRARIES})
else ()
  # include all components
  add_executable(HybridMedianComparison MACOSX_BUNDLE HybridMedianComparison.cxx )
  target_link_libraries(HybridMedianComparison PRIVATE ${VTK_LIBRARIES})
  # vtk_module_autoinit is needed
  vtk_module_autoinit(
    TARGETS HybridMedianComparison
    MODULES ${VTK_LIBRARIES}
    )
endif () 

Download and Build HybridMedianComparison

Click here to download HybridMedianComparison and its CMakeLists.txt file. Once the tarball HybridMedianComparison.tar has been downloaded and extracted,

cd HybridMedianComparison/build 

If VTK is installed:

cmake ..

If VTK is not installed but compiled on your system, you will need to specify the path to your VTK build:

cmake -DVTK_DIR:PATH=/home/me/vtk_build ..

Build the project:

make

and run it:

./HybridMedianComparison

WINDOWS USERS

Be sure to add the VTK bin directory to your path. This will resolve the VTK dll's at run time.