Decimation

VTKExamples/Cxx/Meshes/Decimation


Description

This example decimates a mesh using progressive decimation. The SetTargetReduction function specifies how many triangles should reduced by specifying the percentage (0,1) of triangles to be removed. For example, if the mesh contains 100 triangles and SetTargetReduction(.90) is called, after the decimation there will be approximately 10 triangles - a 90% reduction.

The implementation of vtkDecimatePro is similar to the algorithm originally described in "Decimation of Triangle Meshes", Proc Siggraph `92, with three major differences. First, this algorithm does not necessarily preserve the topology of the mesh. Second, it is guaranteed to give the a mesh reduction factor specified by the user (as long as certain constraints are not set - see Caveats). Third, it is set up generate progressive meshes, that is a stream of operations that can be easily transmitted and incrementally updated (see Hugues Hoppe's Siggraph '96 paper on progressive meshes).

Code

Decimation.cxx

#include <vtkXMLPolyDataReader.h>
#include <vtkPolyData.h>
#include <vtkSphereSource.h>
#include <vtkTriangleFilter.h>
#include <vtkDecimatePro.h>
#include <vtkSmartPointer.h>
#include <vtkPolyDataMapper.h>
#include <vtkProperty.h>
#include <vtkRenderWindow.h>
#include <vtkRenderWindowInteractor.h>
#include <vtkRenderer.h>
#include <vtkCamera.h>

#include <vtkNamedColors.h>

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
  vtkSmartPointer<vtkPolyData> inputPolyData;
  if(argc > 1)
  {
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkXMLPolyDataReader> reader =
      vtkSmartPointer<vtkXMLPolyDataReader>::New();
    reader->SetFileName(argv[1]);
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkTriangleFilter> triangles =
      vtkSmartPointer<vtkTriangleFilter>::New();
    triangles->SetInputConnection(reader->GetOutputPort());
    triangles->Update();
    inputPolyData = triangles->GetOutput();
  }
  else
  {
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkSphereSource> sphereSource =
      vtkSmartPointer<vtkSphereSource>::New();
    sphereSource->SetThetaResolution(30);
    sphereSource->SetPhiResolution(15);
    sphereSource->Update();
    inputPolyData = sphereSource->GetOutput();
  }

  float reduction = .9; // 90% reduction
  if (argc > 2)
  {
    reduction = atof(argv[2]);
  }
  vtkSmartPointer<vtkNamedColors> colors =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkNamedColors>::New();
  std::cout << "Before decimation" << std::endl << "------------" << std::endl;
  std::cout << "There are " << inputPolyData->GetNumberOfPoints() << " points." << std::endl;
  std::cout << "There are " << inputPolyData->GetNumberOfPolys() << " polygons." << std::endl;

  vtkSmartPointer<vtkDecimatePro> decimate =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkDecimatePro>::New();
  decimate->SetInputData(inputPolyData);
  decimate->SetTargetReduction(reduction);
  decimate->PreserveTopologyOn();
  decimate->Update();

  vtkSmartPointer<vtkPolyData> decimated =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkPolyData>::New();
  decimated->ShallowCopy(decimate->GetOutput());

  std::cout << "After decimation" << std::endl << "------------" << std::endl;

  std::cout << "There are " << decimated->GetNumberOfPoints() << " points." << std::endl;
  std::cout << "There are " << decimated->GetNumberOfPolys() << " polygons." << std::endl;
  std::cout << "Reduction: " <<
    static_cast<double>((inputPolyData->GetNumberOfPolys() - decimated->GetNumberOfPolys())) /
    static_cast<double>(inputPolyData->GetNumberOfPolys()) << std::endl;

  vtkSmartPointer<vtkPolyDataMapper> inputMapper =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkPolyDataMapper>::New();
  inputMapper->SetInputData(inputPolyData);

  vtkSmartPointer<vtkProperty> backFace =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkProperty>::New();
  backFace->SetColor(colors->GetColor3d("gold").GetData());

  vtkSmartPointer<vtkActor> inputActor =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkActor>::New();
  inputActor->SetMapper(inputMapper);
  inputActor->GetProperty()->SetInterpolationToFlat();
  inputActor->GetProperty()->SetColor(colors->GetColor3d("flesh").GetData());
  inputActor->SetBackfaceProperty(backFace);

  vtkSmartPointer<vtkPolyDataMapper> decimatedMapper =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkPolyDataMapper>::New();
  decimatedMapper->SetInputData(decimated);

  vtkSmartPointer<vtkActor> decimatedActor =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkActor>::New();
  decimatedActor->SetMapper(decimatedMapper);
  decimatedActor->GetProperty()->SetColor(colors->GetColor3d("flesh").GetData());
  decimatedActor->GetProperty()->SetInterpolationToFlat();
  decimatedActor->SetBackfaceProperty(backFace);

  // There will be one render window
  vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderWindow> renderWindow =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderWindow>::New();
  renderWindow->SetSize(600, 300);

  // And one interactor
  vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderWindowInteractor> interactor =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderWindowInteractor>::New();
  interactor->SetRenderWindow(renderWindow);

  // Define viewport ranges
  // (xmin, ymin, xmax, ymax)
  double leftViewport[4] = {0.0, 0.0, 0.5, 1.0};
  double rightViewport[4] = {0.5, 0.0, 1.0, 1.0};

  // Setup both renderers
  vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderer> leftRenderer =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderer>::New();
  renderWindow->AddRenderer(leftRenderer);
  leftRenderer->SetViewport(leftViewport);
  leftRenderer->SetBackground(.6, .5, .4);

  vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderer> rightRenderer =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderer>::New();
  renderWindow->AddRenderer(rightRenderer);
  rightRenderer->SetViewport(rightViewport);
  rightRenderer->SetBackground(.4, .5, .6);

  // Add the sphere to the left and the cube to the right
  leftRenderer->AddActor(inputActor);
  rightRenderer->AddActor(decimatedActor);

  // Shared camera
  // Shared camera looking down the -y axis
  vtkSmartPointer<vtkCamera> camera =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkCamera>::New();
  camera->SetPosition (0, -1, 0);
  camera->SetFocalPoint (0, 0, 0);
  camera->SetViewUp (0, 0, 1);
  camera->Elevation(30);
  camera->Azimuth(30);

  leftRenderer->SetActiveCamera(camera);
  rightRenderer->SetActiveCamera(camera);

  leftRenderer->ResetCamera();
  leftRenderer->ResetCameraClippingRange();

  renderWindow->Render();
  interactor->Start();

  return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}

CMakeLists.txt

cmake_minimum_required(VERSION 2.8)

PROJECT(Decimation)

find_package(VTK REQUIRED)
include(${VTK_USE_FILE})

add_executable(Decimation MACOSX_BUNDLE Decimation.cxx )

target_link_libraries(Decimation ${VTK_LIBRARIES})

Download and Build Decimation

Click here to download Decimation and its CMakeLists.txt file. Once the tarball Decimation.tar has been downloaded and extracted,

cd Decimation/build 

If VTK is installed:

cmake ..

If VTK is not installed but compiled on your system, you will need to specify the path to your VTK build:

cmake -DVTK_DIR:PATH=/home/me/vtk_build ..

Build the project:

make

and run it:

./Decimation

WINDOWS USERS

Be sure to add the VTK bin directory to your path. This will resolve the VTK dll's at run time.