ChartMatrix

VTKExamples/Cxx/Plotting/ChartMatrix


Description

This example illustrates the use vtkChartMatrix, a container that holds a matrix of charts. The example creates a 2 x 2 matrix of plots. The matrix elements are:

(0,0): a vtkPlotPoints (0,1): a vtkPlotPoints (1,0): a vtkPlotLine (1,1): a vtkPlotBar and a vtkPlotPoints

Question

If you have a simple question about this example contact us at VTKExamplesProject If your question is more complex and may require extended discussion, please use the VTK Discourse Forum

Code

ChartMatrix.cxx

#include <vtkNew.h>
#include <vtkChartMatrix.h>
#include <vtkChartXY.h>

#include <vtkNamedColors.h>
#include <vtkRenderWindow.h>
#include <vtkRenderer.h>
#include <vtkPlot.h>
#include <vtkPlotPoints.h>
#include <vtkAxis.h>
#include <vtkPen.h>
#include <vtkTable.h>
#include <vtkFloatArray.h>
#include <vtkContextView.h>
#include <vtkContextScene.h>
#include <vtkRenderWindowInteractor.h>

//----------------------------------------------------------------------------
int main( int, char * [] )
{
  vtkNew<vtkNamedColors> colors;

  // Set up a 2D scene, add an XY chart to it
  vtkNew<vtkContextView> view;
  view->GetRenderWindow()->SetSize(1280, 1024);

 vtkNew<vtkChartMatrix> matrix;
  view->GetScene()->AddItem(matrix);
  matrix->SetSize(vtkVector2i(2, 2));
  matrix->SetGutter(vtkVector2f(30.0, 30.0));

  // Create a table with some points in it...
  vtkNew<vtkTable> table;
  vtkNew<vtkFloatArray> arrX;

  arrX->SetName("X Axis");
  table->AddColumn(arrX);

  vtkNew<vtkFloatArray> arrC;
  arrC->SetName("Cosine");
  table->AddColumn(arrC);

  vtkNew<vtkFloatArray> arrS;
  arrS->SetName("Sine");
  table->AddColumn(arrS);

  vtkNew<vtkFloatArray> arrS2;
  arrS2->SetName("Sine2");
  table->AddColumn(arrS2);

  vtkNew<vtkFloatArray> tangent;
  tangent->SetName("Tangent");
  table->AddColumn(tangent);

  int numPoints = 42;
  float inc = 7.5 / (numPoints-1);
  table->SetNumberOfRows(numPoints);
  for (int i = 0; i < numPoints; ++i)
  {
    table->SetValue(i, 0, i * inc);
    table->SetValue(i, 1, cos(i * inc));
    table->SetValue(i, 2, sin(i * inc));
    table->SetValue(i, 3, sin(i * inc) + 0.5);
    table->SetValue(i, 4, tan(i * inc));
  }

  // Add multiple line plots, setting the colors etc
  // lower left plot, a point chart
  vtkChart *chart = matrix->GetChart(vtkVector2i(0, 0));
  vtkPlot *plot = chart->AddPlot(vtkChart::POINTS);
  plot->SetInputData(table, 0, 1);
  dynamic_cast<vtkPlotPoints*>(plot)->SetMarkerStyle(vtkPlotPoints::DIAMOND);
  plot->GetXAxis()->GetGridPen()->SetColorF(colors->GetColor3d("warm_grey").GetData());
  plot->GetYAxis()->GetGridPen()->SetColorF(colors->GetColor3d("warm_grey").GetData());
  plot->SetColor(
    colors->GetColor3ub("sea_green").GetRed(),
    colors->GetColor3ub("sea_green").GetGreen(),
    colors->GetColor3ub("sea_green").GetBlue(),
    255);

  // upper left plot, a point chart
  chart = matrix->GetChart(vtkVector2i(0, 1));
  plot = chart->AddPlot(vtkChart::POINTS);
  plot->SetInputData(table, 0, 2);
  plot->GetXAxis()->GetGridPen()->SetColorF(colors->GetColor3d("warm_grey").GetData());
  plot->GetYAxis()->GetGridPen()->SetColorF(colors->GetColor3d("warm_grey").GetData());
  plot->SetColor(
    colors->GetColor3ub("rose_madder").GetRed(),
    colors->GetColor3ub("rose_madder").GetGreen(),
    colors->GetColor3ub("rose_madder").GetBlue(),
    255);

  // 
  chart = matrix->GetChart(vtkVector2i(1, 0));
  plot = chart->AddPlot(vtkChart::LINE);
  plot->SetInputData(table, 0, 3);
  plot->GetXAxis()->GetGridPen()->SetColorF(colors->GetColor3d("warm_grey").GetData());
  plot->GetYAxis()->GetGridPen()->SetColorF(colors->GetColor3d("warm_grey").GetData());
  plot->SetColor(
    colors->GetColor3ub("dark_orange").GetRed(),
    colors->GetColor3ub("dark_orange").GetGreen(),
    colors->GetColor3ub("dark_orange").GetBlue(),
    255);

  // upper right plot, a bar and point chart
  chart = matrix->GetChart(vtkVector2i(1, 1));
  plot = chart->AddPlot(vtkChart::BAR);
  plot->SetInputData(table, 0, 4);
  plot->GetXAxis()->GetGridPen()->SetColorF(colors->GetColor3d("warm_grey").GetData());
  plot->GetYAxis()->GetGridPen()->SetColorF(colors->GetColor3d("warm_grey").GetData());
  plot->SetColor(
    colors->GetColor3ub("burnt_sienna").GetRed(),
    colors->GetColor3ub("burnt_sienna").GetGreen(),
    colors->GetColor3ub("burnt_sienna").GetBlue(),
    255);

  plot = chart->AddPlot(vtkChart::POINTS);
  plot->SetInputData(table, 0, 1);
  dynamic_cast<vtkPlotPoints*>(plot)->SetMarkerStyle(vtkPlotPoints::CROSS);
  plot->GetXAxis()->GetGridPen()->SetColorF(colors->GetColor3d("warm_grey").GetData());
  plot->GetYAxis()->GetGridPen()->SetColorF(colors->GetColor3d("warm_grey").GetData());
  plot->SetColor(
    colors->GetColor3ub("rose_madder").GetRed(),
    colors->GetColor3ub("rose_madder").GetGreen(),
    colors->GetColor3ub("rose_madder").GetBlue(),
    255);

  // Lower right plot, a line chart

  chart = matrix->GetChart(vtkVector2i(1, 0));
  plot = chart->AddPlot(vtkChart::LINE);
  plot->SetInputData(table, 0, 3);
  plot->GetXAxis()->GetGridPen()->SetColorF(colors->GetColor3d("warm_grey").GetData());
  plot->GetYAxis()->GetGridPen()->SetColorF(colors->GetColor3d("warm_grey").GetData());
  plot->SetColor(
    colors->GetColor3ub("dark_orange").GetRed(),
    colors->GetColor3ub("dark_orange").GetGreen(),
    colors->GetColor3ub("dark_orange").GetBlue(),
    255);

  plot = chart->AddPlot(vtkChart::LINE);
  plot->SetInputData(table, 0, 3);
  plot->GetXAxis()->GetGridPen()->SetColorF(colors->GetColor3d("warm_grey").GetData());
  plot->GetYAxis()->GetGridPen()->SetColorF(colors->GetColor3d("warm_grey").GetData());
  plot->SetColor(
    colors->GetColor3ub("royal_blue").GetRed(),
    colors->GetColor3ub("royal_blue").GetGreen(),
    colors->GetColor3ub("royal_blue").GetBlue(),
    255);

  // Finally render the scene and compare the image to a reference image
  view->GetRenderer()->SetBackground(colors->GetColor3d("navajo_white").GetData());
  view->GetRenderWindow()->Render();
  view->GetInteractor()->Initialize();
  view->GetInteractor()->Start();
  return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}

CMakeLists.txt

cmake_minimum_required(VERSION 3.3 FATAL_ERROR)

project(ChartMatrix)

find_package(VTK COMPONENTS 
  vtkChartsCore
  vtkCommonColor
  vtkCommonCore
  vtkCommonDataModel
  vtkInteractionStyle
  vtkRenderingContext2D
  vtkRenderingContextOpenGL2
  vtkRenderingCore
  vtkRenderingFreeType
  vtkRenderingGL2PSOpenGL2
  vtkRenderingOpenGL2
  vtkViewsContext2D QUIET)
if (NOT VTK_FOUND)
  message("Skipping ChartMatrix: ${VTK_NOT_FOUND_MESSAGE}")
  return ()
endif()
message (STATUS "VTK_VERSION: ${VTK_VERSION}")
if (VTK_VERSION VERSION_LESS "8.90.0")
  # old system
  include(${VTK_USE_FILE})
  add_executable(ChartMatrix MACOSX_BUNDLE ChartMatrix.cxx )
  target_link_libraries(ChartMatrix PRIVATE ${VTK_LIBRARIES})
else ()
  # include all components
  add_executable(ChartMatrix MACOSX_BUNDLE ChartMatrix.cxx )
  target_link_libraries(ChartMatrix PRIVATE ${VTK_LIBRARIES})
  # vtk_module_autoinit is needed
  vtk_module_autoinit(
    TARGETS ChartMatrix
    MODULES ${VTK_LIBRARIES}
    )
endif () 

Download and Build ChartMatrix

Click here to download ChartMatrix and its CMakeLists.txt file. Once the tarball ChartMatrix.tar has been downloaded and extracted,

cd ChartMatrix/build 

If VTK is installed:

cmake ..

If VTK is not installed but compiled on your system, you will need to specify the path to your VTK build:

cmake -DVTK_DIR:PATH=/home/me/vtk_build ..

Build the project:

make

and run it:

./ChartMatrix

WINDOWS USERS

Be sure to add the VTK bin directory to your path. This will resolve the VTK dll's at run time.