PolyDataToImageData

VTKExamples/Cxx/PolyData/PolyDataToImageData

Description

  • Contributed by: Lars Friedrich

This example generates a sphere (prerequisite: closed surface of type vtkPolyData) and converts it into volume representation vtkImageData) where the foreground voxels are 255 (inside) and the background voxels are 0 (outside). Internally vtkPolyDataToImageStencil is utilized. The resultant image is saved to disk in metaimage file format (SphereVolume.mhd).

Code

PolyDataToImageData.cxx

#include <vtkVersion.h>
#include <vtkSmartPointer.h>
#include <vtkPolyData.h>
#include <vtkImageData.h>
#include <vtkSphereSource.h>
#include <vtkMetaImageWriter.h>
#include <vtkPolyDataToImageStencil.h>
#include <vtkImageStencil.h>
#include <vtkPointData.h>

/**
 * This program generates a sphere (closed surface, vtkPolyData) and converts it into volume
 * representation (vtkImageData) where the foreground voxels are 1 and the background voxels are
 * 0. Internally vtkPolyDataToImageStencil is utilized. The resultant image is saved to disk
 * in metaimage file format (SphereVolume.mhd).
 */
int main(int, char *[])
{
  vtkSmartPointer<vtkSphereSource> sphereSource =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkSphereSource>::New();
  sphereSource->SetRadius(20);
  sphereSource->SetPhiResolution(30);
  sphereSource->SetThetaResolution(30);
  vtkSmartPointer<vtkPolyData> pd = sphereSource->GetOutput();
  sphereSource->Update();

  vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageData> whiteImage =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageData>::New();
  double bounds[6];
  pd->GetBounds(bounds);
  double spacing[3]; // desired volume spacing
  spacing[0] = 0.5;
  spacing[1] = 0.5;
  spacing[2] = 0.5;
  whiteImage->SetSpacing(spacing);

  // compute dimensions
  int dim[3];
  for (int i = 0; i < 3; i++)
  {
    dim[i] = static_cast<int>(ceil((bounds[i * 2 + 1] - bounds[i * 2]) / spacing[i]));
  }
  whiteImage->SetDimensions(dim);
  whiteImage->SetExtent(0, dim[0] - 1, 0, dim[1] - 1, 0, dim[2] - 1);

  double origin[3];
  origin[0] = bounds[0] + spacing[0] / 2;
  origin[1] = bounds[2] + spacing[1] / 2;
  origin[2] = bounds[4] + spacing[2] / 2;
  whiteImage->SetOrigin(origin);

#if VTK_MAJOR_VERSION <= 5
  whiteImage->SetScalarTypeToUnsignedChar();
  whiteImage->AllocateScalars();
#else
  whiteImage->AllocateScalars(VTK_UNSIGNED_CHAR,1);
#endif
  // fill the image with foreground voxels:
  unsigned char inval = 255;
  unsigned char outval = 0;
  vtkIdType count = whiteImage->GetNumberOfPoints();
  for (vtkIdType i = 0; i < count; ++i)
  {
    whiteImage->GetPointData()->GetScalars()->SetTuple1(i, inval);
  }

  // polygonal data --> image stencil:
  vtkSmartPointer<vtkPolyDataToImageStencil> pol2stenc =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkPolyDataToImageStencil>::New();
#if VTK_MAJOR_VERSION <= 5
  pol2stenc->SetInput(pd);
#else
  pol2stenc->SetInputData(pd);
#endif
  pol2stenc->SetOutputOrigin(origin);
  pol2stenc->SetOutputSpacing(spacing);
  pol2stenc->SetOutputWholeExtent(whiteImage->GetExtent());
  pol2stenc->Update();

  // cut the corresponding white image and set the background:
  vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageStencil> imgstenc =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageStencil>::New();
#if VTK_MAJOR_VERSION <= 5
  imgstenc->SetInput(whiteImage);
  imgstenc->SetStencil(pol2stenc->GetOutput());
#else
  imgstenc->SetInputData(whiteImage);
  imgstenc->SetStencilConnection(pol2stenc->GetOutputPort());
#endif
  imgstenc->ReverseStencilOff();
  imgstenc->SetBackgroundValue(outval);
  imgstenc->Update();

  vtkSmartPointer<vtkMetaImageWriter> writer =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkMetaImageWriter>::New();
  writer->SetFileName("SphereVolume.mhd");
#if VTK_MAJOR_VERSION <= 5
  writer->SetInput(imgstenc->GetOutput());
#else
  writer->SetInputData(imgstenc->GetOutput());
#endif
  writer->Write();

  return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}

CMakeLists.txt

cmake_minimum_required(VERSION 2.8)

PROJECT(PolyDataToImageData)

find_package(VTK REQUIRED)
include(${VTK_USE_FILE})

add_executable(PolyDataToImageData MACOSX_BUNDLE PolyDataToImageData.cxx )

target_link_libraries(PolyDataToImageData ${VTK_LIBRARIES})

Download and Build PolyDataToImageData

Click here to download PolyDataToImageData and its CMakeLists.txt file. Once the tarball PolyDataToImageData.tar has been downloaded and extracted,

cd PolyDataToImageData/build 

If VTK is installed:

cmake ..

If VTK is not installed but compiled on your system, you will need to specify the path to your VTK build:

cmake -DVTK_DIR:PATH=/home/me/vtk_build ..

Build the project:

make

and run it:

./PolyDataToImageData

WINDOWS USERS

Be sure to add the VTK bin directory to your path. This will resolve the VTK dll's at run time.