Shadows

VTKExamples/Cxx/Rendering/Shadows


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See (Python)

Code

Shadows.cxx

// test baking shadow maps

#include <vtkSmartPointer.h>

#include <vtkActor.h>
#include <vtkCamera.h>
#include <vtkCameraPass.h>
#include <vtkCellArray.h>
#include <vtkLight.h>
#include <vtkOpenGLRenderer.h>
#include <vtkOpenGLTexture.h>
#include <vtkPlaneSource.h>
#include <vtkCubeSource.h>
#include <vtkPolyDataMapper.h>
#include <vtkProperty.h>
#include <vtkRenderPassCollection.h>
#include <vtkRenderStepsPass.h>
#include <vtkRenderWindow.h>
#include <vtkRenderWindowInteractor.h>
#include <vtkRenderer.h>
#include <vtkSequencePass.h>
#include <vtkShadowMapBakerPass.h>
#include <vtkShadowMapPass.h>
#include <vtkNamedColors.h>

#include <vtkBYUReader.h>
#include <vtkOBJReader.h>
#include <vtkPLYReader.h>
#include <vtkPolyDataReader.h>
#include <vtkSTLReader.h>
#include <vtkXMLPolyDataReader.h>
#include <vtkSphereSource.h>

#include <vtksys/SystemTools.hxx>
#include <array>

namespace
{
vtkSmartPointer<vtkPolyData> ReadPolyData(const char *fileName);
}

//----------------------------------------------------------------------------
int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
  // Read the polyData
  auto polyData =
    ReadPolyData(argc > 1 ? argv[1] : "");;

  auto colors =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkNamedColors>::New();
  colors->SetColor("HighNoonSun", 1.0, 1.0, .9843, 1.0);  // Color temp. 5400k
  colors->SetColor("100W Tungsten", 1.0, .8392, .6667, 1.0);  // Color temp. 2850k

  auto renderer =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderer>::New();
  renderer->SetBackground(colors->GetColor3d("Silver").GetData());

  auto renderWindow =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderWindow>::New();
  renderWindow->SetSize(640, 480);
  renderWindow->AddRenderer(renderer);

  auto interactor =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderWindowInteractor>::New();
  interactor->SetRenderWindow(renderWindow);

  auto light1 =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkLight>::New();
  light1->SetFocalPoint(0,0,0);
  light1->SetPosition(0,1,0.2);
  light1->SetColor(colors->GetColor3d("HighNoonSun").GetData());
  light1->SetIntensity(0.3);
  renderer->AddLight(light1);

  auto light2 =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkLight>::New();
  light2->SetFocalPoint(0,0,0);
  light2->SetPosition(1.0,1.0,1.0);
  light2->SetColor(colors->GetColor3d("100W Tungsten").GetData());
  light2->SetIntensity(0.8);
  renderer->AddLight(light2);

  auto mapper =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkPolyDataMapper>::New();
  mapper->SetInputData(polyData);

  auto actor =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkActor>::New();
  actor->SetMapper(mapper);
  actor->GetProperty()->SetAmbientColor(colors->GetColor3d("SaddleBrown").GetData());
  actor->GetProperty()->SetDiffuseColor(colors->GetColor3d("Sienna").GetData());
  actor->GetProperty()->SetSpecularColor(colors->GetColor3d("White").GetData());
  actor->GetProperty()->SetSpecular(0.51);
  actor->GetProperty()->SetDiffuse(0.7);
  actor->GetProperty()->SetAmbient(0.7);
  actor->GetProperty()->SetSpecularPower(30.0);
  actor->GetProperty()->SetOpacity(1.0);
  renderer->AddActor(actor);

  // add a plane
  std::array<double, 6> bounds;
  polyData->GetBounds(bounds.data());

  std::array<double, 3> range;
  range[0] = bounds[1] - bounds[0];
  range[1] = bounds[3] - bounds[2];
  range[2] = bounds[5] - bounds[4];
  std::cout << "range: "
            << range[0] << "," 
            << range[1] << "," 
            << range[2] << std::endl;
  double expand = 1.0;
#define THICKNESS (range[2] * .1)
  auto plane =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkCubeSource>::New();
  plane->SetCenter((bounds[1] + bounds[0]) / 2.0,
                   bounds[2] - THICKNESS / 2.0,
                   (bounds[5] + bounds[4]) / 2.0);
  plane->SetXLength(bounds[1] - bounds[0] + (range[0] * expand));
  plane->SetYLength(THICKNESS);
  plane->SetZLength(bounds[5] - bounds[4] + (range[2] * expand));

  auto planeMapper =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkPolyDataMapper>::New();
  planeMapper->SetInputConnection(plane->GetOutputPort());

  auto planeActor =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkActor>::New();
  planeActor->SetMapper(planeMapper);
  renderer->AddActor(planeActor);

  renderWindow->SetMultiSamples(0);

  auto shadows =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkShadowMapPass>::New();

  auto seq =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkSequencePass>::New();

  auto passes =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderPassCollection>::New();
  passes->AddItem(shadows->GetShadowMapBakerPass());
  passes->AddItem(shadows);
  seq->SetPasses(passes);

  auto cameraP =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkCameraPass>::New();
  cameraP->SetDelegatePass(seq);

  // tell the renderer to use our render pass pipeline
  vtkOpenGLRenderer *glrenderer =
    dynamic_cast<vtkOpenGLRenderer*>(renderer.GetPointer());
  glrenderer->SetPass(cameraP);

  renderer->GetActiveCamera()->SetPosition(-0.2,0.2,1);
  renderer->GetActiveCamera()->SetFocalPoint(0,0,0);
  renderer->GetActiveCamera()->SetViewUp(0,1,0);
  renderer->GetActiveCamera()->OrthogonalizeViewUp();
  renderer->ResetCamera();
  renderer->GetActiveCamera()->Dolly(2.25);
  renderer->ResetCameraClippingRange();
  renderWindow->Render();

  interactor->Start();

  return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}
namespace
{
vtkSmartPointer<vtkPolyData> ReadPolyData(const char *fileName)
{
  vtkSmartPointer<vtkPolyData> polyData;
  std::string extension = vtksys::SystemTools::GetFilenameLastExtension(std::string(fileName));
  if (extension == ".ply")
  {
    auto reader =
      vtkSmartPointer<vtkPLYReader>::New();
    reader->SetFileName (fileName);
    reader->Update();
    polyData = reader->GetOutput();
  }
  else if (extension == ".vtp")
  {
    auto reader =
      vtkSmartPointer<vtkXMLPolyDataReader>::New();
    reader->SetFileName (fileName);
    reader->Update();
    polyData = reader->GetOutput();
  }
  else if (extension == ".obj")
  {
    auto reader =
      vtkSmartPointer<vtkOBJReader>::New();
    reader->SetFileName (fileName);
    reader->Update();
    polyData = reader->GetOutput();
  }
  else if (extension == ".stl")
  {
    auto reader =
      vtkSmartPointer<vtkSTLReader>::New();
    reader->SetFileName (fileName);
    reader->Update();
    polyData = reader->GetOutput();
  }
  else if (extension == ".vtk")
  {
    auto reader =
      vtkSmartPointer<vtkPolyDataReader>::New();
    reader->SetFileName (fileName);
    reader->Update();
    polyData = reader->GetOutput();
  }
  else if (extension == ".g")
  {
    auto reader =
      vtkSmartPointer<vtkBYUReader>::New();
    reader->SetGeometryFileName (fileName);
    reader->Update();
    polyData = reader->GetOutput();
  }
  else
  {
    auto source =
      vtkSmartPointer<vtkSphereSource>::New();
    source->SetThetaResolution(100);
    source->SetPhiResolution(100);
    source->Update();
    polyData = source->GetOutput();
  }
  return polyData;
}
}

CMakeLists.txt

cmake_minimum_required(VERSION 3.3 FATAL_ERROR)

project(Shadows)

find_package(VTK COMPONENTS 
  vtkCommonColor
  vtkCommonCore
  vtkCommonDataModel
  vtkFiltersSources
  vtkIOGeometry
  vtkIOLegacy
  vtkIOPLY
  vtkIOXML
  vtkInteractionStyle
  vtkRenderingContextOpenGL2
  vtkRenderingCore
  vtkRenderingFreeType
  vtkRenderingGL2PSOpenGL2
  vtkRenderingOpenGL2 QUIET)
if (NOT VTK_FOUND)
  message("Skipping Shadows: ${VTK_NOT_FOUND_MESSAGE}")
  return ()
endif()
message (STATUS "VTK_VERSION: ${VTK_VERSION}")
if (VTK_VERSION VERSION_LESS "8.90.0")
  # old system
  include(${VTK_USE_FILE})
  add_executable(Shadows MACOSX_BUNDLE Shadows.cxx )
  target_link_libraries(Shadows PRIVATE ${VTK_LIBRARIES})
else ()
  # include all components
  add_executable(Shadows MACOSX_BUNDLE Shadows.cxx )
  target_link_libraries(Shadows PRIVATE ${VTK_LIBRARIES})
  # vtk_module_autoinit is needed
  vtk_module_autoinit(
    TARGETS Shadows
    MODULES ${VTK_LIBRARIES}
    )
endif () 

Download and Build Shadows

Click here to download Shadows and its CMakeLists.txt file. Once the tarball Shadows.tar has been downloaded and extracted,

cd Shadows/build 

If VTK is installed:

cmake ..

If VTK is not installed but compiled on your system, you will need to specify the path to your VTK build:

cmake -DVTK_DIR:PATH=/home/me/vtk_build ..

Build the project:

make

and run it:

./Shadows

WINDOWS USERS

Be sure to add the VTK bin directory to your path. This will resolve the VTK dll's at run time.