ProjectedTexture

VTKExamples/Cxx/Texture/ProjectedTexture


Description vtkProjectedTexture is tricky to set up. Picking the right parameters will take some iterations. The example uses vtkFrustumSource to help understand the parameters.

Cite

This example was inspired by Thomas Kilgus, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Div. Medical and Biological Informatics, Junior group: Computer-assisted Interventions (E131), Im Neuenheimer Feld 280, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany

Code

ProjectedTexture.cxx

#include <vtkSmartPointer.h>

#include <vtkProjectedTexture.h>
#include <vtkCamera.h>
#include <vtkFrustumSource.h>
#include <vtkPlanes.h>
#include <vtkMath.h>

#include <vtkImageReader2Factory.h>
#include <vtkImageReader2.h>
#include <vtkTexture.h>
#include <vtkPointData.h>
#include <vtkImageData.h>

#include <vtkBYUReader.h>
#include <vtkOBJReader.h>
#include <vtkPLYReader.h>
#include <vtkPolyDataReader.h>
#include <vtkSTLReader.h>
#include <vtkXMLPolyDataReader.h>
#include <vtkSphereSource.h>

#include <vtkRenderWindowInteractor.h>
#include <vtkRenderWindow.h>
#include <vtkRenderer.h>
#include <vtkActor.h>
#include <vtkProperty.h>
#include <vtkPolyDataMapper.h>

#include <vtkNamedColors.h>

#include <vtksys/SystemTools.hxx>

namespace
{
vtkSmartPointer<vtkPolyData> ReadPolyData(const char *fileName);
}

int main (int argc, char *argv[])
{
  if (argc < 3)
  {
    std::cout << "Usage: " << argv[0] << " polydata texture" << std::endl;
    return EXIT_FAILURE;
  }
  vtkSmartPointer<vtkPolyData> polyData = ReadPolyData(argc > 1 ? argv[1] : "");;

  vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageReader2Factory> readerFactory =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageReader2Factory>::New();
  vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageReader2> textureFile;
  textureFile.TakeReference(
    readerFactory->CreateImageReader2(argv[2]));
  textureFile->SetFileName(argv[2]);
  textureFile->Update();

  vtkSmartPointer<vtkNamedColors> colors =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkNamedColors>::New();

  double center[3];
  polyData->GetCenter(center);
  std::cout << "Center: "
            << center[0] << ", "
            << center[1] << ", "
            << center[2] << std::endl;
  vtkSmartPointer<vtkCamera> camera =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkCamera>::New();
  camera->SetPosition(center[0], center[1] + .0375, center[2] +.5);
  camera->SetFocalPoint(center[0], center[1] + .0375, center[2]);
  camera->Azimuth(-45);
  camera->Roll(-90);
  camera->SetClippingRange(.5, .6);
  double planesArray[24];

  camera->GetFrustumPlanes(1.0, planesArray);

  //Settings for vtkProjectedTexture

  double aspect[3];
  aspect[1] = 1.0;
  aspect[2] = 1.0;
  aspect[0] = 1.0;
//(1.0/ (vtkMath::RadiansFromDegrees(std::tan(camera->GetViewAngle())))) / 2.0;
  std::cout << "Aspect: "
            << aspect[0] << ", "
            << aspect[1] << ", "
            << aspect[2] << std::endl;

  vtkSmartPointer<vtkProjectedTexture>  projectedTexture =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkProjectedTexture>::New();

  projectedTexture->SetAspectRatio(aspect);
  projectedTexture->SetPosition(camera->GetPosition());
  projectedTexture->SetFocalPoint(camera->GetFocalPoint());
  projectedTexture->SetUp(
    camera->GetViewUp()[0],
    camera->GetViewUp()[1],
    camera->GetViewUp()[2]);

  projectedTexture->SetInputData( polyData); //this can be the same as the one to project on
  projectedTexture->Update();

  //Map Texture on Surface
  polyData->GetPointData()->SetTCoords(
    projectedTexture->GetOutput()->GetPointData()->GetTCoords());

  vtkSmartPointer<vtkTexture> texture =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkTexture>::New();
  texture->SetInputData(textureFile->GetOutput());

  vtkSmartPointer<vtkPolyDataMapper> mapper =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkPolyDataMapper>::New();
  mapper->SetInputData(polyData);

  vtkSmartPointer<vtkActor> actor =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkActor>::New();
  actor->SetMapper(mapper);
  actor->SetTexture(texture);

  vtkSmartPointer<vtkPlanes> planes =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkPlanes>::New();
  planes->SetFrustumPlanes(planesArray);

  vtkSmartPointer<vtkFrustumSource> frustumSource =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkFrustumSource>::New();
  frustumSource->ShowLinesOff();
  frustumSource->SetPlanes(planes);
  frustumSource->Update();

  vtkSmartPointer<vtkPolyDataMapper> frustumMapper =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkPolyDataMapper>::New();
  frustumMapper->SetInputConnection(frustumSource->GetOutputPort());

  vtkSmartPointer<vtkActor> frustumActor =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkActor>::New();
  frustumActor->SetMapper(frustumMapper);
  frustumActor->GetProperty()->EdgeVisibilityOn();
  frustumActor->GetProperty()->SetColor(colors->GetColor3d("Banana").GetData());
  frustumActor->GetProperty()->SetOpacity(.5);
  frustumActor->GetProperty()->SetRepresentationToWireframe();

  vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderer> renderer =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderer>::New();
  renderer->AddActor(actor);
  renderer->AddActor(frustumActor);
  renderer->SetBackground(colors->GetColor3d("SlateGray").GetData());
  renderer->SetActiveCamera(camera);
  camera->Azimuth(180);
  camera->Roll(-90);
  renderer->ResetCameraClippingRange();

  vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderWindow> renderWindow =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderWindow>::New();
  renderWindow->AddRenderer( renderer );

  vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderWindowInteractor> renWinInteractor =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderWindowInteractor>::New();
  renWinInteractor->SetRenderWindow( renderWindow );

  renderWindow->Render();
  renWinInteractor->Start();

  return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}

namespace
{
vtkSmartPointer<vtkPolyData> ReadPolyData(const char *fileName)
{
  vtkSmartPointer<vtkPolyData> polyData;
  std::string extension = vtksys::SystemTools::GetFilenameExtension(std::string(fileName));
  if (extension == ".ply")
  {
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkPLYReader> reader =
      vtkSmartPointer<vtkPLYReader>::New();
    reader->SetFileName (fileName);
    reader->Update();
    polyData = reader->GetOutput();
  }
  else if (extension == ".vtp")
  {
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkXMLPolyDataReader> reader =
      vtkSmartPointer<vtkXMLPolyDataReader>::New();
    reader->SetFileName (fileName);
    reader->Update();
    polyData = reader->GetOutput();
  }
  else if (extension == ".obj")
  {
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkOBJReader> reader =
      vtkSmartPointer<vtkOBJReader>::New();
    reader->SetFileName (fileName);
    reader->Update();
    polyData = reader->GetOutput();
  }
  else if (extension == ".stl")
  {
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkSTLReader> reader =
      vtkSmartPointer<vtkSTLReader>::New();
    reader->SetFileName (fileName);
    reader->Update();
    polyData = reader->GetOutput();
  }
  else if (extension == ".vtk")
  {
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkPolyDataReader> reader =
      vtkSmartPointer<vtkPolyDataReader>::New();
    reader->SetFileName (fileName);
    reader->Update();
    polyData = reader->GetOutput();
  }
  else if (extension == ".g")
  {
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkBYUReader> reader =
      vtkSmartPointer<vtkBYUReader>::New();
    reader->SetGeometryFileName (fileName);
    reader->Update();
    polyData = reader->GetOutput();
  }
  else
  {
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkSphereSource> source =
      vtkSmartPointer<vtkSphereSource>::New();
    source->Update();
    polyData = source->GetOutput();
  }
  return polyData;
}
}

CMakeLists.txt

cmake_minimum_required(VERSION 3.3 FATAL_ERROR)

project(ProjectedTexture)

find_package(VTK COMPONENTS 
  vtkCommonColor
  vtkCommonCore
  vtkCommonDataModel
  vtkFiltersModeling
  vtkFiltersSources
  vtkIOGeometry
  vtkIOImage
  vtkIOLegacy
  vtkIOPLY
  vtkIOXML
  vtkInteractionStyle
  vtkRenderingContextOpenGL2
  vtkRenderingCore
  vtkRenderingFreeType
  vtkRenderingGL2PSOpenGL2
  vtkRenderingOpenGL2 QUIET)
if (NOT VTK_FOUND)
  message("Skipping ProjectedTexture: ${VTK_NOT_FOUND_MESSAGE}")
  return ()
endif()
message (STATUS "VTK_VERSION: ${VTK_VERSION}")
if (VTK_VERSION VERSION_LESS "8.90.0")
  # old system
  include(${VTK_USE_FILE})
  add_executable(ProjectedTexture MACOSX_BUNDLE ProjectedTexture.cxx )
  target_link_libraries(ProjectedTexture PRIVATE ${VTK_LIBRARIES})
else ()
  # include all components
  add_executable(ProjectedTexture MACOSX_BUNDLE ProjectedTexture.cxx )
  target_link_libraries(ProjectedTexture PRIVATE ${VTK_LIBRARIES})
  # vtk_module_autoinit is needed
  vtk_module_autoinit(
    TARGETS ProjectedTexture
    MODULES ${VTK_LIBRARIES}
    )
endif () 

Download and Build ProjectedTexture

Click here to download ProjectedTexture and its CMakeLists.txt file. Once the tarball ProjectedTexture.tar has been downloaded and extracted,

cd ProjectedTexture/build 

If VTK is installed:

cmake ..

If VTK is not installed but compiled on your system, you will need to specify the path to your VTK build:

cmake -DVTK_DIR:PATH=/home/me/vtk_build ..

Build the project:

make

and run it:

./ProjectedTexture

WINDOWS USERS

Be sure to add the VTK bin directory to your path. This will resolve the VTK dll's at run time.