FireFlow

VTKExamples/Cxx/VisualizationAlgorithms/FireFlow


Description

The example illustrates how to combine a geometric description of a scene with a fluid flow solution. The vtkVRMLImporter read the geometry file which is a .wrl file. The file contains 32 actors. The vtkXMLUnstructuredGridReader reads the solution. vtkStreamTracer generates streamline seeds with points generated by vtkPointSource. vtkContourFilter generates an isosurface of the velocity. A vtkSphereSource shows the sphere used in the vtkPointSource filter.

For an interactive version of this example, see FireFlowDemo.

Cite

The solution and geometry data is from the Mayavi project. Mayavi is a python application that provides an easy to use interface to many vtk filters. Both a command-line and GUI interface are provided. If you use the Mayavi data or the Mayavi application, please use the following citation in any published work: Ramachandran, P. and Varoquaux, G., Mayavi: 3D Visualization of Scientific Data IEEE Computing in Science & Engineering, 13 (2), pp. 40-51 (2011).

Question

If you have a simple question about this example contact us at VTKExamplesProject If your question is more complex and may require extended discussion, please use the VTK Discourse Forum

Code

FireFlow.cxx

#include <vtkSmartPointer.h>
#include <vtkVRMLImporter.h>
#include <vtkXMLUnstructuredGridReader.h>
#include <vtkContourFilter.h>
#include <vtkStreamTracer.h>
#include <vtkGenericOutlineFilter.h>
#include <vtkPointSource.h>
#include <vtkTubeFilter.h>
#include <vtkUnstructuredGrid.h>
#include <vtkSphereSource.h>

#include <vtkRenderer.h>
#include <vtkRenderWindow.h>
#include <vtkRenderWindowInteractor.h>
#include <vtkActor.h>
#include <vtkCamera.h>
#include <vtkProperty.h>

#include <vtkPolyDataMapper.h>

#include <vtkNamedColors.h>

int main (int argc, char *argv[])
{
  auto colors =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkNamedColors>::New();
  vtkColor3d isoSurfaceColor = colors->GetColor3d("WhiteSmoke");
  vtkColor3d sphereColor = colors->GetColor3d("hotpink");
  vtkColor3d backgroundColor = colors->GetColor3d("SlateGray");

  auto renderer =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderer>::New();
  renderer->UseHiddenLineRemovalOn();

  auto renderWindow =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderWindow>::New();
  renderWindow->AddRenderer(renderer);

  auto renderWindowInteractor =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkRenderWindowInteractor>::New();
  renderWindowInteractor->SetRenderWindow(renderWindow);

  // Import the VRML Files that define the geometry
  auto vrmlImport =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkVRMLImporter>::New();
  vrmlImport->SetRenderWindow(renderWindow);
  vrmlImport->SetFileName(argv[1]);
  vrmlImport->Update();

  // Read the UnstructuredGrid define the solution
  auto solution =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkXMLUnstructuredGridReader>::New();
  solution->SetFileName(argv[2]);
  solution->Update();

  // Create an outline
  auto outline =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkGenericOutlineFilter>::New();
  outline->SetInputConnection(solution->GetOutputPort());

  // Create Seeds
  auto seeds =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkPointSource>::New();
  seeds->SetRadius(0.2);
  seeds->SetCenter(3.5, 0.625, 1.25);
  seeds->SetNumberOfPoints(50);

  // Create streamlines  
  auto streamTracer =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkStreamTracer>::New();
  streamTracer->SetIntegrationDirectionToBoth();
  streamTracer->SetInputConnection(solution->GetOutputPort());
  streamTracer->SetSourceConnection(seeds->GetOutputPort());
  streamTracer->SetMaximumPropagation(50);
  streamTracer->SetInitialIntegrationStep(.2);
  streamTracer->SetMinimumIntegrationStep(.01);
  streamTracer->SetIntegratorType(1);
  streamTracer->SetComputeVorticity(1);

  auto tubes =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkTubeFilter>::New();
  tubes->SetInputConnection(streamTracer->GetOutputPort());
  tubes->SetNumberOfSides(8);
  tubes->SetRadius(.02);
  tubes->SetVaryRadius(0);

  auto mapTubes =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkPolyDataMapper>::New();
  mapTubes->SetInputConnection(tubes->GetOutputPort());
  mapTubes->SetScalarRange(solution->GetOutput()->GetScalarRange());

  auto tubesActor =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkActor>::New();
  tubesActor->SetMapper(mapTubes);

  // Create an Isosurface
  auto isoSurface =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkContourFilter>::New();
  isoSurface->SetValue(0, 550.0);
  isoSurface->SetInputConnection(solution->GetOutputPort());

  auto isoSurfaceMapper =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkPolyDataMapper>::New();
  isoSurfaceMapper->SetInputConnection(isoSurface->GetOutputPort());
  isoSurfaceMapper->ScalarVisibilityOff();

  auto isoSurfaceActor =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkActor>::New();
  isoSurfaceActor->SetMapper(isoSurfaceMapper);
  isoSurfaceActor->GetProperty()->SetOpacity(.5);
  isoSurfaceActor->GetProperty()->SetDiffuseColor(isoSurfaceColor.GetData());

  auto sphere =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkSphereSource>::New();
  sphere->SetCenter(seeds->GetCenter());
  sphere->SetRadius(seeds->GetRadius());
  sphere->SetThetaResolution(20);
  sphere->SetPhiResolution(11);;
  auto sphereMapper =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkPolyDataMapper>::New();
  sphereMapper->SetInputConnection(sphere->GetOutputPort());

  auto sphereActor =
    vtkSmartPointer<vtkActor>::New();
  sphereActor->SetMapper(sphereMapper);
  sphereActor->GetProperty()->SetOpacity(1.0);
  sphereActor->GetProperty()->SetSpecular(.4);
  sphereActor->GetProperty()->SetSpecularPower(80);
  sphereActor->GetProperty()->SetDiffuseColor(sphereColor.GetData());

  renderer->AddActor(tubesActor);
  renderer->AddActor(sphereActor);
  renderer->AddActor(isoSurfaceActor);

  renderer->SetBackground(backgroundColor.GetData());
  renderWindow->SetSize(640, 512);
  renderWindow->Render();
  renderer->GetActiveCamera()->Azimuth(15.0);
  renderer->GetActiveCamera()->Elevation(15.0);
  renderer->GetActiveCamera()->Dolly(1.25);
  renderer->ResetCameraClippingRange();

  renderWindow->Render();

  renderWindowInteractor->Start();

  return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}

CMakeLists.txt

cmake_minimum_required(VERSION 3.3 FATAL_ERROR)

project(FireFlow)

find_package(VTK COMPONENTS 
  vtkCommonColor
  vtkCommonCore
  vtkCommonDataModel
  vtkFiltersCore
  vtkFiltersFlowPaths
  vtkFiltersGeneric
  vtkFiltersSources
  vtkIOImport
  vtkIOXML
  vtkInteractionStyle
  vtkRenderingContextOpenGL2
  vtkRenderingCore
  vtkRenderingFreeType
  vtkRenderingGL2PSOpenGL2
  vtkRenderingOpenGL2 QUIET)
if (NOT VTK_FOUND)
  message("Skipping FireFlow: ${VTK_NOT_FOUND_MESSAGE}")
  return ()
endif()
message (STATUS "VTK_VERSION: ${VTK_VERSION}")
if (VTK_VERSION VERSION_LESS "8.90.0")
  # old system
  include(${VTK_USE_FILE})
  add_executable(FireFlow MACOSX_BUNDLE FireFlow.cxx )
  target_link_libraries(FireFlow PRIVATE ${VTK_LIBRARIES})
else ()
  # include all components
  add_executable(FireFlow MACOSX_BUNDLE FireFlow.cxx )
  target_link_libraries(FireFlow PRIVATE ${VTK_LIBRARIES})
  # vtk_module_autoinit is needed
  vtk_module_autoinit(
    TARGETS FireFlow
    MODULES ${VTK_LIBRARIES}
    )
endif () 

Download and Build FireFlow

Click here to download FireFlow and its CMakeLists.txt file. Once the tarball FireFlow.tar has been downloaded and extracted,

cd FireFlow/build 

If VTK is installed:

cmake ..

If VTK is not installed but compiled on your system, you will need to specify the path to your VTK build:

cmake -DVTK_DIR:PATH=/home/me/vtk_build ..

Build the project:

make

and run it:

./FireFlow

WINDOWS USERS

Be sure to add the VTK bin directory to your path. This will resolve the VTK dll's at run time.